Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 92, Number 1, October 2020
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Plasma, Discharges and Processes|
|Published online||02 October 2020|
On the target surface temperature during dc magnetron sputtering
Institute for Materials Science Problems of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Krzhizhanovsky str., 3,
Kiev 03142, Ukraine
2 Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina 188300, Russia
3 National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute” Pobedy av. 37, KPI-2230, Kyiv 03056, Ukraine
* e-mail: email@example.com
Received in final form: 23 August 2020
Accepted: 1 September 2020
Published online: 2 October 2020
New simple method for target surface temperature (TST) measurements is successfully developed and described in detail. Along with temperature measurements we measured also the emissivity of each of targets by the method specially developed for this aim. The measurements demonstrate that the surface temperature of the targets prepared from Cu, Mo, Nb discs may substantially (up to ∼300 °C) exceed the temperature of the volume of the target. The definition of a “target surface temperature” is given. It is supposed that the thickness of the surface layer that appears on a target subjected to the ion bombardment is equal or close to the penetration depth of ions bombarding the target. The physical model explaining the formation of the surface layer is suggested. The main idea of the model is that the Ar ions bombarding the target may effectively transfer their kinetic energy mostly to the ionic subsystem rather than to the electron subsystem of a target. Due to very low mobility of metal ions within the layer the thermal conductivity of the layer is substantially lower compared to the rest target volume. As a result the temperature of the layer is higher than that of the rest part of the target.
© EDP Sciences, 2020
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