Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 85, Number 1, January 2019
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Nanomaterials and Nanotechnologies|
|Published online||06 February 2019|
The effect of SiO2 nano-filler on dielectric properties of epoxy resin
Department of Physics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Žilina,
2 Department of Electrical Power Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, Technical University of Košice, Košice, Slovak Republic
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received in final form: 23 November 2018
Accepted: 8 January 2019
Published online: 6 February 2019
The paper presents the impact of SiO2 nano-filler in epoxy resin (ER) on changes of dielectric properties and time to the breakdown. Several composites were tested with the mass fraction of 0.5 wt%, 1 wt% and 2 wt% of SiO2, respectively. The frequency spectra of the real and imaginary parts of complex dielectric constant were measured by a capacitance method within the frequency range from 1 mHz to 1 MHz. The mass fraction 0.5 wt% nanoparticles (NPs) in ER caused the evident decrease of the complex permittivity, while 1 wt% or 2 wt% yielded similar permittivity as measured in the pure ER sample. This change of the permittivity with the nano-filler concentration is discussed on the basis of the multi-core model. Moreover, SiO2 NPs also caused the frequency shift of the local maximum of permittivity to lower frequencies which corresponds with the α-polarization process. The internal partial discharges in the ER and its mixtures with the SiO2 nano-filler by the galvanic method and acoustic method are presented. The decrease of the time to breakdown with the increase of SiO2 the mass fraction is reported, too.
© EDP Sciences, 2019
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