Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 83, Number 1, July 2018
Materials for Energy harvesting, conversion and storage (Icome 2017)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Physics of Energy Transfer, Conversion and Storage|
|Published online||18 October 2018|
Investigation on the melting process of phase change material in a square cavity with a single fin attached at the center of the heated wall★
Kocaeli University, Engineering Faculty, Mechanical Engineering Department, Umuttepe Campus,
2 The University of Vermont, Mechanical Engineering Department, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received in final form: 4 July 2018
Accepted: 6 July 2018
Published online: 18 October 2018
In this study, melting of a phase change material (PCM) in a square cavity with a single fin attached at the center of the heated wall is studied numerically employing the enthalpy-porosity method. The opposite wall to the heated wall in the square cavity is cold. The other two adjacent walls are thermally insulated. Paraffin wax is chosen as a PCM due to its demonstrable favorable properties. The thermophysical properties of the paraffin wax are assumed to be a dual function of temperature and phase. The influence of the fin length on the melting process of the paraffin wax is examined. Moreover, the orientation of the square cavity on the melting process is scrutinized. The numerical results elucidate that the melting rates increase significantly by embedding the fin into the paraffin wax. As the fin length is incremented, the melting rate intensifies considerably during the early stages of melting. However, the effect of the fin length on the melting rate diminishes after a long period of heating has happened. It is also observed that the melting rate can be augmented significantly by changing the orientation of the heated wall in the square cavity.
© EDP Sciences, 2018
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