Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 74, Number 2, May 2016
Materials for Energy Harvesting, Conversion and Storage (ICOME 2015)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Physics of Energy Transfer, Conversion and Storage|
|Published online||27 May 2016|
Melting of nanoparticle-enhanced phase change material inside an enclosure heated by laminar heat transfer fluid flow*
Cadi Ayyad University, Faculty of Science Semlalia, Department of Physics, Fluid Mechanics and Energetic Laboratory (affiliated to CNRST, URAC27), Marrakesh, B.P. 2390
2 Lorraine University, Energetic Laboratory of Longwy (FJV/LERMAB), Henri Poincaré Institute of Longwy, France
a e-mail: email@example.com
Revised: 28 March 2016
Accepted: 12 April 2016
Published online: 27 May 2016
The proposed work presents a numerical investigation of the melting of a phase change material (PCM: Paraffin wax P116) dispersed with nanoparticles (Al2O3) in a latent heat storage unit (LHSU). The latter is composed of a number of vertical and identical slabs of nano-enhanced phase change material (NEPCM) separated by rectangular channels through which passes heat transfer fluid (HTF: water). A mathematical model based on the conservation equations of mass, momentum and energy has been developed. The resulting equations are discretized using the finite volume approach. The numerical model has been validated by experimental and numerical results published in literature. Numerical investigations have been conducted to evaluate the effects of the volumetric fraction of nanoparticles, HTF mass flow rate and inlet temperature on the latent heat storage unit’s thermal behaviour and performance. Modelling results show that the volumetric fraction, HTF mass flow rate and inlet temperature need to be designed to achieve a significant improvement in thermal performance.
© EDP Sciences, 2016
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