Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 67, Number 1, July 2014
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||11 July 2014|
Effects of sol concentration on structural, morphological and optical waveguiding properties of sol-gel ZnO nanostructured thin films
Laboratoire de Génie de l’Environnement, Faculté de Technologie, Université de Bejaia, 06000
2 Laboratoire des Semi-conducteurs, Université Badji Mokhtar, BP 12, 23000 Annaba, Algeria
3 Laboratoire de Physico-chimie des Matériaux et catalyse, Faculté des Sciences Exactes, Université de Bejaia, 06000 Bejaia, Algeria
4 Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers, CNRS-UMR 7538, Université Paris 13, 99 avenue J.B. Clément, 93430 Villetaneuse, France
a e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 28 May 2014
Published online: 11 July 2014
Nanostructured ZnO thin films with different precursor concentrations (0.5–0.8 M) have been deposited on glass substrates by sol-gel dip coating technique. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), UV-visible spectrophotometer, and m-lines spectroscopy have been employed to investigate the effect of solution concentration on structural, morphological, optical and waveguiding properties of the ZnO thin films. XRD spectra have shown that all the films are polycrystalline and exhibit the wurtzite hexagonal structure. SEM micrographs and AFM images have revealed that morphology and surface roughness of the thin films depend on sol concentration. The UV-visible transmittance results show a high transparency in the visible range and a shift of the maximum transmittance to the higher wavelength with increasing sol concentration. Waveguiding properties such as refractive index, number of propagating modes and attenuation coefficient measured at 632.8 nm wavelength by m-lines spectroscopy indicate that our ZnO slab waveguides are single mode and demonstrate optical losses estimated around 1.5 decibel per cm (dB/cm) for the thin film prepared with a sol concentration of 0.7 M.
© EDP Sciences, 2014
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