Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 58, Number 1, April 2012
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Spintronics, Magnetism Superconductivity|
|Published online||05 April 2012|
Interstitial Fe-Cr alloys: tuning of magnetism by nanoscale structural control and by implantation of nonmagnetic atoms
Institute for Condensed Matter Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Svientsitsky Str. 1, 79011 Lviv, Ukraine
2 Institute for Applied Mathematics and Fundamental Sciences, Lviv Technical University, Ustyianowycha Str. 10, 79013 Lviv, Ukraine
a e-mail: email@example.com
Revised: 11 November 2011
Accepted: 12 March 2012
Published online: 5 April 2012
Using the density functional theory, we perform a full atomic relaxation of the bulk ferrite with 12.5% concentration of monoatomic interstitial Cr periodically located at the edges of the bcc Feα cell. We show that structural relaxation in such artificially engineered alloys leads to significant atomic displacements and results in the formation of novel highly stable configurations with parallel chains of octahedrically arranged Fe. The enhanced magnetic polarization in the low-symmetry metallic state of this type of alloy can be externally controlled by additional inclusion of nonmagnetic impurities like nitrogen. We discuss possible applications of generated interstitial alloys in spintronic devices and propose to consider them as a basis of novel durable types of stainless steels.
© EDP Sciences, 2012
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