Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 45, Number 2, February 2009
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||31 January 2009|
Nucleation reduction strategy of BaNH4MgHPO4 (barium ammonium magnesium hydrogen phosphate, in vitro approach-1) crystals grown in silica gel medium and its characterization studies
Department of Physics, Thiruvalluvar Govt. Arts College, Rasipuram, 637401 Namakkal, India
2 Department of Biochemistry, Muthayammal College of Arts and Science, Rasipuram, 637408 Namakkal, India
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Revised: 20 November 2008
Accepted: 4 December 2008
Published online: 31 January 2009
Kidney stones consist of various organic, inorganic and semi-organic compounds. Mineral oxalate monohydrate and di-hydrate is the main inorganic constituent of kidney stones. However, the mechanisms for the formation of crystal mineral oxalate are not clearly understood. In this field of study there are many hypothesis including nucleation, crystal growth and or aggregation of formation of AOMH (ammonium oxalate monohydrate) and AODH (ammonium oxalate di-hydrate) crystals. The effect of some urinary species such as ammonium oxalates, calcium, citrate, proteins and trace mineral elements have been previously reported by the author. The kidney stone constituents are grown in the kidney environments, the sodium meta silica gel medium (SMS) provides the necessary growth simulation (in vitro). In the artificial urinary stone growth process, growth parameters within the different chemical environments are identified. The author has reported the growth of urinary crystals such as CHP, SHP, BHP and AHP. In the present study, BaNH4MgHPO4 (barium ammonium magnesium hydrogen phosphate) crystals have been grown in three different growth faces to attain the total nucleation reductions. As an extension of this research, many characterization studies have been carried out and the results are reported.
PACS: 34.50.Lf – Chemical reactions / 33.20.Ea – Infrared spectra / 87.55.N – Radiation monitoring, control, and safety
© EDP Sciences, 2009
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