Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 42, Number 2, May 2008
|Page(s)||103 - 107|
|Section||Surfaces, Interfaces and Films|
|Published online||28 March 2008|
Structural and optical properties of silicon nitride film generated on Si substrate by low energy ion implantation
Plasma Physics Research Center, Science and Research Campus, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran,
2 Physics Department, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Karaj, Iran
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 5 February 2008
Published online: 28 March 2008
In this work the surface of (4 0 0) p-type Si wafers is bombarded with 29 keV nitrogen ions at various ion beam fluency varied from 1016 to 1018 ions/cm2 and the results are investigated. Si3N4 film with orthorhombic structure is formed on silicon surface with cubic structure while the lattice parameter of the generated layer is not affected by change of nitrogen ion beam dose. RMS roughness of implanted samples increases by increasing the nitrogen dose, specially when the dose is more than 3×1017 ions/cm2. Surface resistivity of samples is increased by increasing the dose of ion beam. Although changes in the transmission of implanted samples does not differ very much in comparison with row sample but reflection of implanted samples decrease about 60% for the electromagnetic wave in the range of 200 to 1500 nm. Absorption coefficient of samples is obtained and the band gap energy of samples is calculated. It is observed that formation of defect levels changes the magnitude of band gap energy.
PACS: 72.15.Jf – Thermoelectric and thermomagnetic effects / 78.20.-e – Optical properties of bulk materials and thin films / 61.72.U- – Doping and impurity implantation
© EDP Sciences, 2008
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