Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 41, Number 3, March 2008
|Page(s)||215 - 220|
|Section||Nanomaterials and Nanotechnologies|
|Published online||09 April 2008|
Temperature effect on dielectric properties of carbon black filled epoxy polymer composites
Equipe Systèmes, Propagation et Caractérisation des
Matériaux (LASTID), Département de Physique, Faculté des
Sciences, Université Ibn Tofail, BP 133, 14 000 Kénitra, Morocco
2 Centre de recherche Paul Pascal-CNRS & Université Bordeaux I, 115 Av. A. Schweitzer Pessac, France
3 Laboratoire de Spectronomie, Département de Physique, Faculté des Sciences, Université Moulay Ismail, BP 4010, Meknès, Morocco
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 15 January 2008
Published online: 9 April 2008
The complex permittivity of carbon black/epoxy composites containing different amounts of conductive carbon black particles was reported in the frequency range 100 Hz–15 MHz and over the temperature range 23–80 °C. The shape of experimental spectra of these heterogeneous media gives evidence of a typical dielectric relaxation process below the threshold percolation. The temperature dependence of the dielectric response has been analysed below and at near the epoxy glass transition temperature (Tg ≅ 80 °C), for various carbon concentrations. Jonscher's phenomenological model has been used for modelling this relaxation process. The activation energy, deduced from Arrhenius equation, is found to be insensitive to the carbon black concentration. This behavior is discussed in term of the interfacial interaction between the carbon particles and the polymer. Besides, the increase of both parts of the complex permittivity with increasing the carbon black concentration and the temperature is compared to the recently proposed Shin's mixture law.
PACS: 62.23.Pq – Composites / nanosystems embedded in a larger structure / 84.37+q – Measurements in electric variables (including voltage, current, resistance, capacitance, inductance, impedance, and admittance, etc.) / 85.50.-n – Dielectric, ferroelectric, and piezoelectric devices
© EDP Sciences, 2008
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