Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 38, Number 2, May 2007
|Page(s)||111 - 114|
|Section||Microelectronics and Optoelectronics|
|Published online||21 March 2007|
Empirical study of the characteristics of current-state organic bulk heterojunction solar cells*
University of Gent, Dept. ELIS, Pietersnieuwstraat 41, 9000 Gent, Belgium
Corresponding author: Ben.Minnaert@elis.UGent.be
Revised: 3 January 2007
Accepted: 20 February 2007
Published online: 21 March 2007
We studied and compared the reported characteristics of 22 different bulk heterojunction organic solar cells fabricated and characterized by different research institutes. We only considered bulk heterojunction solar cells where both the acceptor (the n-type) and the donor (the p-type) are organic. All cells were characterized under illumination with the standard A.M. 1.5 spectrum and an intensity of 100 mW/cm2. The material properties (the highest occupied (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) of donor and acceptor) and the device characteristics (the open circuit voltage Voc, the short circuit current density Jsc, the fill factor FF and the efficiency) are compared and related to each other. One finding is that not the Voc, but the Jsc is the limiting factor for obtaining a high efficiency with the current state of technology. Also an empirical threshold of 0.2 eV is found between the LUMO's of the donor and acceptor, necessary for exciton dissociation. There has long been a debate about the origin of the Voc. In recent literature, it is proposed that the Voc is not related with the work function difference of the contacts, but with the energy difference between the LUMO of the acceptor, and the HOMO of the donor (called `the interface bandgap'). A relation between the Voc and the energy levels of donor and acceptor is searched from our empirical study.
PACS: 42.79.-e – Optical elements, devices, and systems / 72.80.Le – Polymers; organic compounds (including organic semiconductors) / 84.60.Jt – Photoelectric conversion: solar cells and arrays
© EDP Sciences, 2007
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