Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 37, Number 1, January 2007
|Page(s)||93 - 99|
|Section||Characterization of Materials: Imaging, Microscopy and Spectroscopy|
|Published online||13 December 2006|
Ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties of Ag modified PMN-PZT solid solutions
Departmento de Ingeneria de Materials, (DIMAT), Facultad de
Ingenieria, Universidad de Concepcion, Edmundo Larenas 270, Casilla 160 C,
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Revised: 18 September 2006
Accepted: 4 October 2006
Published online: 13 December 2006
The ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties of Ag doped xPb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-(1 − x) Pb(Zr0.532Ti0.468)O3 ceramics, for Ag = 0.5, 1 and 1.5 mole%, synthesized by the columbite precursor method were investigated. The experimental results indicate that stoichiometry plays a significant role in the solubility of Ag and it affects the physical properties. The factors influencing microstructural development of Ag doped PMN-PZT are the Ag and PMN concentrations and Ag diffusion during the sintering process as can be observed from the scanning electron micrograph. Grain growth is considerably enhanced up to 4.05 μm in 1 mole% Ag doped 0.7PMN-0.3PZT, while the apparent density continuously increased up to 7.89 gm/cm3 in 1 mole% Ag doped 0.8PMN-0.2PZT, respectively. It was observed that 1 mole% Ag doped 0.7PMN-0.3PZT attained maximum values for the dielectric permittivity (εRT = 3864) at room temperature and the dielectric permittivity at the Curie temperature (εTc = 26826), respectively. The ferroelectric properties exhibited optimum values of Pr = 36.82 μC/cm2 and Ps = 45.29 μC/cm2 in 1 mole% Ag doped 0.7PMN-0.3PZT, respectively while the Ec showed a decreasing trend throughout the series. The piezoelectric properties (d33 = 297 pC/N and kp = 0.377) were enhanced in 1 mole% Ag doped 0.4PMN-0.6PZT and 0.7PMN-0.3PZT, respectively.
PACS: 77.84.-s – Dielectric, piezoelectric, ferroelectric, and antiferroelectric materials / 77.84.Dy – Niobates, titanates, tantalates, PZT ceramics, etc. / 77.80.Dj – Domain structure; hysteresis / 77.22.-d – Dielectric properties of solids and liquids
© EDP Sciences, 2006
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