Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 28, Number 2, November 2004
|Page(s)||125 - 152|
|Published online||03 November 2004|
Kinetic modeling of low-pressure nitrogen discharges and post-discharges
Centro de Física dos Plasmas, Instituto Superior
Técnico, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
2 Dep. de Física, Faculdade de Engenharia, Universidade do Porto, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 31 August 2004
Published online: 3 November 2004
The kinetic modeling of low-pressure ( torr) stationary nitrogen discharges and the corresponding afterglows is reviewed. It is shown that a good description of the overall behavior of nitrogen plasmas requires a deep understanding of the coupling between different kinetics. The central role is played by ground-state vibrationally excited molecules, N2, which have a strong influence on the shape of the electron energy distribution function, on the creation and destruction of electronically excited states, on the gas heating, dissociation and on afterglow emissions. N2 molecules are actually the hinge ensuring a strong link between the various kinetics. The noticeable task done by electronically excited metastable molecules, in particular N2 and N2, is also pointed out. Besides contributing to the same phenomena as vibrationally excited molecules, these electronic metastable states play also a categorical role in ionization. Furthermore, vibrationally excited molecules in high v levels are in the origin of the peaks observed in the flowing afterglow for the concentrations of several species, such as N2, N2, N2+ and electrons, which occur downstream from the discharge after a dark zone as a consequence of the V-V pumping-up mechanism.
PACS: 52.20.-j – Elementary processes in plasmas / 52.80.-s – Electric discharges / 82.33.Xj – Plasma reactions (including flowing afterglow and electric discharges)
© EDP Sciences, 2004
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