Eur. Phys. J. AP
Volume 22, Number 2, May 2003
|Page(s)||97 - 101|
|Section||Imaging, Microscopy and Spectroscopy|
|Published online||06 May 2003|
Non-contact measurement technique of the vapor pressure of liquid and high temperature solid materials
National Space Development Agency of Japan, Tsukuba Space Center, 2-1-1 Sengen,
Tsukuba City, Ibaraki, 305-8505, Japan
Revised: 5 November 2002
Accepted: 12 February 2003
Published online: 6 May 2003
Here is reported a new scheme to accurately determine the vapor pressure of undercooled, liquid, and high temperature solid materials. The method relies on an imaging technique that measures the time variation of the radius of an electrostatically levitated sample. This scheme, compared to other techniques, offers unique opportunity to explore not only the liquid above the melting point but also the undercooled states of highly reactive materials in a contamination free environment. This was exemplified in this paper with titanium. For the first time, we report the vapor pressure of its liquid phase over a large temperature range, covering the undercooled region. Over the 1700 to 2050 K temperature range, it was measured as Log (3%). Similarly, for high temperature solid titanium, the vapor pressure could be expressed as Log (6%) over the 1770 to 1940 K temperature interval. From these data, the average latent heats of vaporization and sublimation were calculated respectively as 344.8 kJ/kg (8%) and 632.1 kJ/kg (6%) respectively.
PACS: 81.70.Fy – Nondestructive testing: optical methods / 65.20.+w – Thermal properties of liquids: heat capacity, thermal expansion, etc. / 65.40.-b – Thermal properties of crystalline solids
© EDP Sciences, 2003
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