Eur. Phys. J. AP
Volume 19, Number 1, July 2002
|Page(s)||3 - 13|
|Section||Surfaces, Interfaces and Films|
|Published online||28 June 2002|
Grain size dependent optical properties of CdI2 films
Thin Film Lab, Department of Physics & Astrophysics, University of
Delhi, Delhi – 110 007, India
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Revised: 25 January 2002
Accepted: 4 April 2002
Published online: 28 June 2002
The optical properties (refractive index and optical energy gap) were studied as a function of film thickness, substrate temperature and heat-treatment temperature for structurally, compositionally and morphologically well characterized CdI2 films grown by thermal evaporation. The variation of residual stress in the film (determined by X-ray diffraction), grain size (D), refractive index (n) and optical energy gap (Eg) was observed to be different in the above three cases. Combining the results of all three experiments, the grain size dependence of n and Eg was derived. Variation of n with grain size may be attributed to the changing packing density of crystallites with grain size and its distribution consistent with SEM results. Eg was found to decrease with D non-linearly and the data fits well with the equation of the type either or The variation of Eg with D could be attributed as due to the defect densities in the film.
PACS: 68.55.Jk – Structure and morphology; thickness; crystalline orientation and texture / 78.20.Ci – Optical constants (including refractive index, complex dielectric constant, absorption, reflection and transmission coefficients, emissivity) / 81.15.Ef – Vacuum deposition / 78.66.Nk – Insulators
© EDP Sciences, 2002
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