Eur. Phys. J. AP
Volume 16, Number 3, December 2001
|Page(s)||239 - 245|
|Section||Instrumentation and Metrology|
|Published online||15 December 2001|
A transfer standard of the Mètre: an air wavelength reference
BNM-INM/CNAM (For further information, please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org), 292 rue Saint-Martin, 75003 Paris, France
2 Laboratoire Roberval, UTC (UMR 6066), BP 60649, 60200 Compiègne, France
3 Laboratoire CISTEC, UVSQ, 45 avenue des États-Unis, 78035 Versailles, France
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Revised: 10 July 2001
Accepted: 26 July 2001
Published online: 15 December 2001
This paper presents the principle of an air wavelength standard for high accuracy length metrology. According to the definition of the Mètre, nanometric accuracy by interferometric measurement techniques can be reached only for measurements made under vacuum or by taking into account the fluctuations of the refractive index of air. We have developed a new type of laser source whose wavelength is insensitive to slow fluctuations of the refractive index of air. The sensitivity of our air wavelength standard to some characteristics (such as temperature, pressure, ageing behaviour...) has been measured. Results show that the relative uncertainty level of the wavelength of our source is below 10−8.
PACS: 06.30.-k – Measurements common to several branches of physics and astronomy / 42.62.Eh – Metrological applications
© EDP Sciences, 2001
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