Eur. Phys. J. AP
Volume 9, Number 1, January 2000
|Page(s)||11 - 17|
|Published online||15 January 2000|
Use of Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry for studying the passivation of materials of rechargeable batteries: application to petroleum coke in LiCF3SO3/carbonates mixture electrolyte
UMR 8587 "Analyse et Environnement" , CEA/CNRS/Université d'Evry, Centre d'Études
91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
2 CEA/DSM/DRECAM/Laboratoire Pierre Süe, Centre d'Études de Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
3 CEA/DCC/DESD/Service d'études d'Entreposage et de Stockage des Déchets, Centre d'Études de Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 16 November 1999
Published online: 15 January 2000
The evolution of the passivating layer (during the first reduction/reoxidation cycle, in function of the number of reduction/reoxidation cycles and with the storage of the electrode in the electrolyte) formed at the surface of a lithiated carbon electrode in LiCF3SO3/carbonates mixture electrolyte has been followed by using 1 MeV 4He+ induced Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry (RBS). Two RBS simulation codes "RUMP" and "PERM" , whose approaches are different, have been applied to the treatment of the RBS data and have allowed to obtain informations about the structure (thickness and atomic elemental composition) of the passivating layer. These two codes provide similar results. The passivating layer has a thickness in the range 20-30 nm. Its structure appears to be complex with the presence of two different sublayers respectively composed of the reduction products of the salt in the inner sublayer (with the main presence of fluorine and sulphur indicating the possible existence of LiF and Li2S) and reduction products of the solvents in the outer sublayer (with a high concentration in oxygen indicating the presence of Li2CO3 and RCO3Li where R is an alkyl radical).
PACS: 81.05.-t – Specific materials: fabrication, treatment, testing and analysis / 81.65.Rv – Passivation / 82.80.Yc – Rutherford backscattering (RBS), and other methods of chemical analysis
© EDP Sciences, 2000
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