Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 95, Number 1, July 2021
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Spintronics, Magnetism, Superconductivity|
|Published online||21 July 2021|
Predicted hexagonal titanium nitride monolayer as an intrinsic ferromagnetic semiconductor
School of Physical Science and Technology, Southwest University,
* e-mail: email@example.com
Received in final form: 14 April 2021
Accepted: 29 April 2021
Published online: 21 July 2021
Two-dimensional (2D) magnetic semiconductors have great promising for energy-efficient ultracompact spintronics due to the low-dimensional ferromagnetic and semiconducting behavior. Here, we predict hexagonal titanium nitride monolayer (h-TiN) to be a ferromagnetic semiconductor by investigating stability, magnetism, and carrier transport of h-TiN using the first-principles calculations. The thermodynamical stability of h-TiN is revealed by phonon dispersion, molecular dynamics simulation and formation energy. The energy band structure shows that h-TiN is a ferromagnetic semiconductor with medium magnetic anisotropy, the magnetic moment of 1μB and the band gaps of 1.33 and 4.42 eV for spin-up and -down channels, respectively. The Curie temperature of h-TiN is estimated to be about 205 K by mean-field theory and not enhanced by the compressive and tensile strains. Higher carrier mobility, in-plane stiffness and conductivity indicate that h-TiN has favorable transport performance. The ferromagnetic semiconducting behavior is robust against the external strains, indicating that h-TiN could be a rare candidate for nanoscale spintronic devices.
© EDP Sciences, 2021
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