Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 86, Number 2, May 2019
Materials for energy harvesting, conversion, storage and environmental engineering (Icome 2018)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Semiconductors and Devices|
|Published online||10 June 2019|
GaAs quantum well in the non-parabolic case: the effect of hydrostatic pressure on the intersubband absorption coefficient and the refractive index★
Department of Physics, Faculty of Polydisciplinary (ERPTM), B.P 592, 23000 Beni-Mellal, Morocco
2 Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Dhar Mehraz (LPS), Fès, Morocco
3 Africa Graphene Center, Physics department, Eureka building, CSET, UNISA-Florida Campus, Roodepoort, 1709 Gauteng, South Africa
* e-mail: email@example.com
Received in final form: 19 February 2019
Accepted: 16 May 2019
Published online: 10 June 2019
We investigated the effect of the hydrostatic pressure on the optoelectronic properties of a quantum well (QW) based on δ-doped GaAs sandwiched by Ga1-xAlxAs. We study the case of a non-parabolic conduction band where the aluminum content is set at 30%. We perform our calculations in the context of the approximation of the envelope function formalism using the finite difference method. Results show that the transition energies decrease with the increase of the hydrostatic pressure, which causes remarkable modifications on the optical properties of the QW nanostructure. The non-parabolicity effect is more important for small QW (Lw ≤ 5nm) and less marked in narrow and large QW. In addition, we study the absorption coefficient for 8 nm/4 nm/8 nm geometry. On the one hand, the pressure increase creates a displacement of the optical absorption coefficient towards low energies and a decrease of the absorption peak value. On the other hand, the refractive index moves towards higher energies. We show that in the presence of a hydrostatic pressure and following its effect on intersubband transitions, these optical properties also depend on the dopant concentration rate and the quantum well width. Our study finds interests for the nano-fabrication of quantum wells and in particular for those used in optical and electronic applications.
© EDP Sciences, 2019
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