Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 86, Number 1, April 2019
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Physics of Energy Transfer, Conversion and Storage|
|Published online||07 June 2019|
Viscoelastic multi-resonator mechanism for broadening low-frequency band-gap of acoustic metamaterials
School of Mechanical Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, PR China
2 State Key Laboratory for Strength and Vibration of Mechanical Structures, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, PR China
* e-mail: email@example.com
Received in final form: 20 March 2019
Accepted: 27 March 2019
Published online: 7 June 2019
In this paper, viscoelastic multi-resonator mechanism for broadening low-frequency band-gaps of acoustic metamaterials is investigated. Firstly, the metamaterial unit consists of dual-mass and dual-viscoelasticity is proposed which can generate multiple resonances to form multiple band-gaps, and further the broadened band-gaps are realized by modulating the effect of the viscoelasticity. Secondly, for the dual-viscoelasticity, the band-gaps and transmission spectrum under the cases of with the consistent and inconsistent viscoelasticity are calculated. Comparing with the consistent case, by adjusting the viscoelasticity in the inconsistent case, the storage modulus changes the fastest and obtains a smaller and a larger elastic modulus at the corresponding starting frequency and ending frequency of the band-gap, in which the band-gap can be broadened and shifted to the low frequency since the resonant frequency is determined by the elastic modulus, and for the loss modulus, it has little effects on the width of the band-gap, but has great influence on the transmission coefficient. Thirdly, by adjusting the inconsistent viscoelastic parameters based on the above rules, the band width is increased by 1.7 times (1.3 times for the absolute band width) than the consistent structure and the band-gap is shifted to the low frequency by 31% (about 345 Hz). The viscoelastic multi-resonator mechanism can be used to practical applications of viscoelastic metamaterials.
© EDP Sciences, 2019
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