Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 84, Number 3, December 2018
Materials for Energy harvesting, conversion and storage (Icome 2017)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Physics of Energy Transfer, Conversion and Storage|
|Published online||14 January 2019|
Integration of the PCM with intra-ventilation for improved thermal and inertial characteristics of the building envelope★
EPF Campus de Troyes, 2 rue F. Sastre, 10430 Rosières-près-Troyes, France
2 Laboratory of Automation, Environment and Transfer Processes LAEPT, Faculty of Sciences Semlalia, Cadi Ayyad University, PO 2390, Marrakech, Morocco
3 GRESPI EA 4694, University of Reims Champagne Ardenne, UFR Sciences Exactes et Naturelles, Moulin de la Housse, 51687 Reims Cedex 2, France
4 LMT CNRS UMR 8535, École Normale Supérieure de Cachan, Cachan, 61 Av. du Président Wilson, 94235 Cachan Cedex, France
5 Tianjin Key Laboratory of Refrigeration Technology, Tianjin University of Commerce, Tianjin, 300134, PR China
6 Université de Lorraine, Laboratory of Lermab, IUT de Longwy, 186 rue de Lorraine, 54400 Longwy, France
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received in final form: 15 October 2018
Accepted: 19 November 2018
Published online: 14 January 2019
Several solutions based on phase change materials (PCM) are used for the thermal regulation of buildings. In this study, a combination of the inertial effect of PCM and intra-ventilation regulation is proposed. The purpose is to increase the thermal inertia of the building envelope leading to a fast passive and active cooling of the indoor environment. The principle of the solution is the use of a polymer-stabilized paraffin in external walls integrating ventilation pipes. For that, an experimental study of a hollow concrete block with PCM and ventilation tubes is conducted to test its thermal response. Gathered to this part, a 3D numerical model is developed under COMSOL Multiphysics®. The obtained simulation results are in good agreement with the experimental data. A parametric study is then performed including its actual characteristics against several conditions; it is revealed that the use of PCM gathered to the ventilation tubes enhances the thermal phase shift. It is stated that the forced ventilation through the tubes makes it possible to manage the energy and contribute to the renewal of the air.
© EDP Sciences, 2018
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