Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 70, Number 1, April 2015
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Physics of Energy Transfer, Conversion and Storage|
|Published online||22 April 2015|
Statistics of a noise-driven elastic inverted pendulum
Department of Micro- and Nanosystem Technology, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Raveien 205, 3184
2 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, 20-618 Lublin, Poland
a e-mail: Einar.Halvorsen@hbv.no
Revised: 23 March 2015
Accepted: 31 March 2015
Published online: 22 April 2015
Recently an elastic inverted pendulum structure was proposed as a means to make nonlinear energy harvesters. An effective dynamical model of this bi-stable system has an effective lumped mass that is dependent on the displacement, hence preventing direct application of previous analyses for nonlinear harvesters driven by random vibrations. We have set up a stationary Fokker-Planck equation for the inverted pendulum and solved it to obtain explicit expressions for the stationary probability densities of the system. We found that the marginal distribution of velocity is non-Gaussian, but numerically it differs little from a Gaussian when parameters for a recently published device are used. The conditional probability of position given velocity, has two peaks for low velocities. These merge into one upon increase of velocity.
© EDP Sciences, 2015
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