Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 69, Number 1, January 2015
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Spintronics, Magnetism and Superconductivity|
|Published online||07 January 2015|
Effects of hydrogen annealing and codoping (Mn, Fe, Ni, Ga, Y) of nanocrystalline Cu-doped ZnO dilute magnetic semiconductor
Nanotechnology Centre, College of Science, University of Bahrain, P.O. Box 32038, Kingdom of Bahrain
2 Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Bahrain, P.O. Box 32038, Kingdom of Bahrain
a e-mail: email@example.com
Revised: 19 November 2014
Accepted: 2 December 2014
Published online: 7 January 2015
Zinc oxide (ZnO) codoped with Cu and M ions (M = Mn, Fe, Ni, Ga, Y) powders were synthesised by simultaneous thermal co-decomposition of a mixture of zinc and metal complexes. The synthesised chemical formula for the prepared solid solution is Zn0.97Cu0.01M0.02O. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirms the formation of single nanocrystalline structure of the as-prepared powders, thus, both Cu and M ions were incorporated into ZnO lattice forming solid solutions. Magnetic measurements reveal that all the as-synthesised doped ZnO powders gained partial (RT-FM) properties but with different strength and BH-behaviour depends on the nature of the doping (M). Furthermore, H2 post-treatment was subsequently carried out and it was found that the observed RT-FM is enhanced. Very interestingly, in case of Ni dopant, the whole powder becomes completely ferromagnetic with coercivity (Hc), remanence (Mr) and saturation magnetisation (Ms) of 133.6 Oe, 1.086 memu/g and 4.959 memu/g, respectively. The value of Ms was increased by ~ 95% in comparison with as-prepared.
© EDP Sciences, 2015
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