Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 52, Number 2, November 2010
Focus on Numelec
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||21 October 2010|
Gyroscopic magnetic levitation: an original design procedure based on the finite element method
UMons, Faculté Polytechnique de Mons, Service de Génie Électrique, Bd Dolez 31, 7000 Mons, Belgium
2 F.R.S/FNRS, Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique, Rue d'Egmont 5, 1000 Bruxelles, Belgium
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Revised: 12 April 2010
Accepted: 4 May 2010
Published online: 21 October 2010
In this work, an original procedure, based on the finite element method, is presented for the design of a Levitron©, a device made of permanent magnets and relying on stable gyroscopic magnetic levitation, using secondhand components. A perturbation force analysis is performed on finite element models of available magnets in order to derive the locus of stable equilibrium, as well as the top mass, for a given configuration of the magnets. We investigate three methods for the estimation of forces from finite element computations, two of them based on the Virtual Work principle, and one performing numerical integration of the classical expression of forces between magnets. Results are employed to realize a Levitron© in laboratory, and are shown to be in better agreement with experience than those from a simple analytical model available in the literature.
© EDP Sciences, 2010
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