Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 49, Number 3, March 2010
Focus on Metamaterials
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Focus on Metamaterials|
|Published online||03 February 2010|
Nonreciprocal amplitude-frequency resonant response of metasandwiches “ferrite plate-grating of resonant elements”
Kotelnikov Institute of Radioengineering & Electronics RAS, Mokhovaya str. 11/7, Moscow, 125009, Russia
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 17 July 2009
Published online: 3 February 2010
New microwave nonreciprocal properties are investigated in “ferrite plate – grating of resonant elements” metasandwiches arranged along the axis of a rectangular waveguide in a transverse constant magnetic field. Giant nonreciprocity in the transmission is observed at the ferromagnetic resonance frequencies at certain values of the magnetic field under conditions of a mutual influence between the ferromagnetic and the grating resonances. In addition, nonreciprocal splitting of the resonance in grating elements is observed under small magnetic field, which is much less than the field necessary to the ferromagnetic resonance excitation. The nonreciprocal transmission does not take place in the case of free ferrite in the absence of a grating. Sign reversal of the nonreciprocity is observed, when ferrite transfers to the opposite side of a grating as well as under certain values of the constant magnetic field, when the sign reversal of difference between frequencies of the ferromagnetic resonance and the grating resonance takes place. Nonreciprocal effects are explained by the interaction between precessing spins in ferrite and a magnetic field of the surface wave, formed by a grating, and by coupling between the resonances of grating elements. It has been shown theoretically that microwaves in waveguide with bianisotropic layer, simulating a grating of resonant elements, are elliptically or circularly polarized with frequency and spatially – dependent rotating sense of the microwave magnetic field. The nonreciprocal effects have been observed for different grating elements: for both electric dipoles and chiral elements.
PACS: 04.30.Nk – Wave propagation and interactions / 41.20.Jb – Electromagnetic wave propagation; radiowave propagation
© EDP Sciences, 2010
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