Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 43, Number 3, September 2008
Topical Issue ITFPC (Innovations on Thin Films Processing and Characterisation)
|Page(s)||343 - 347|
|Section||Protective Applications of Thin Films|
|Published online||06 May 2008|
Rapid surface alloying by Ti of AISI 316L stainless steel using. Low energy high current pulsed electron beam
Laboratoire d'Étude des Textures et Applications aux Matériaux (LETAM), UMR-CNRS 7078,
Université Paul Verlaine Metz, Ile du Saulcy, 57045 Metz, France
2 State Key Laboratory of Materials Modification by Laser, Ion and Electron Beams, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, P.R. China
3 Laboratoire de Physique des Matériaux (LPM), UMR-CNRS 7556, École des Mines, Parc de Saurupt, 54042 Nancy, France
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Revised: 10 March 2008
Accepted: 13 March 2008
Published online: 6 May 2008
This paper reports the first results of an ongoing research work on rapid surface alloying of an AISI 316L stainless steel by low energy, high current pulsed electron beam (LEHCPEB) with the aim of enhancing the corrosion resistance of this material against aggressive halide ions. A Ti powder layer was deposited on the substrate and in-corporate at the top surface by using LEHCPEB. Due to the rapid surface melting, liquid state mixing occurred and a Ti-rich layer formed. The alloyed layer contained a mixture of the and γ phases because the addition of Ti favors the formation of α. The corrosion resistance of the AISI 316L stainless steel in the simulated body fluid was effectively improved after surface alloying by Ti.
PACS: 61.82.Bg – Metals and alloys / 81.65.-b – Surface treatments / 64.70.dj – Melting of specific substances
© EDP Sciences, 2008
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