Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.
Volume 25, Number 2, February 2004
|Page(s)||141 - 148|
|Section||Physics of Biological Systems|
|Published online||22 December 2003|
Compressive strength of human openwedges: a selection method
Laboratoire de Mécanique des Contacts et des Solides, INSA
Lyon, Bât. Coulomb, 36 avenue des Arts, 69621 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
2 Laboratoire de Vibrations et Acoustique, INSA Lyon, Bât. St Exupéry, 25 bis avenue J. Capelle, 69621 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
3 Laboratoire TBF, 7 rue Vinatier, 69500 Bron, France
4 Clinique St Charles, 25 rue Flesselles, 69001 Lyon, France
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Revised: 2 October 2003
Accepted: 14 October 2003
Published online: 22 December 2003
A series of 44 samples of bone wedges of human origin, intended for allograft openwedge osteotomy and obtained without particular precautions during hip arthroplasty were re-examined. After viral inactivity chemical treatment, lyophilisation and radio-sterilisation (intended to produce optimal health safety), the compressive strength, independent of age, sex and the height of the sample (or angle of cut), proved to be too widely dispersed [10 − 158 MPa] in the first study. We propose a method for selecting samples which takes into account their geometry (width, length, thicknesses, cortical surface area). Statistical methods (Principal Components Analysis PCA, Hierarchical Cluster Analysis, Multilinear regression) allowed final selection of 29 samples having a mean compressive strength σmax = 103 MPa ± 26 and with variation [61 − 158 MPa] . These results are equivalent or greater than average materials currently used in openwedge osteotomy.
PACS: 87.19.Rr – Mechanical properties of tissues and organs / 81.70.Bt – Mechanical testing, impact tests, static and dynamic loads
© EDP Sciences, 2004
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