Eur. Phys. J. AP
Volume 23, Number 3, September 2003
|Page(s)||227 - 233|
|Section||Instrumentation and Metrology|
|Published online||15 September 2003|
On-line rail defect diagnosis with differential eddy current probes and specific detection processing*
INRETS, 2 avenue Malleret-Joinville, 94114 Arcueil Cedex, France
2 CRAN (UMR CNRS 7039), ESSTIN, rue Jean Lamour, 54519 Vandœuvre-les-Nancy Cedex, France
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Revised: 29 April 2003
Accepted: 19 June 2003
Published online: 15 September 2003
This paper presents a non destructive evaluation system for rail inspection with a device embedded in a subway train. The difficult operating conditions lead to the design of a specific double-coils and double-frequencies sensor that delivers 8 complementary signals. After the presentation of the technological solution, the paper deals with the detection of minor defects and presents three approaches: the first one is a time heuristic approach, the second one is based on wavelet basis projections, and the last one implements an inverse filtering which allows the transformation of the differential probe outputs into estimated absolute ones. The methods are validated statistically on a labeled defect data set with the help of ROC curves.
PACS: 06.90.+v – Other topics in metrology, measurements, and laboratory procedures
© EDP Sciences, 2003
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