Eur. Phys. J. AP
Volume 22, Number 1, April 2003
|Page(s)||61 - 67|
|Section||Plasma, Discharges and Processes|
|Published online||25 February 2003|
DC pulsed plasma surface treatment of atactic and isotactic polystyrene thin films with oxygen, oxygen-nitrogen mixture and nitrogen: study of wettability
Laboratoire d'Électronique des Gaz et des Plasmas, Université de Pau, 64000 Pau, France
2 Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie des Polymères, Université de Pau, 64000 Pau, France
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Revised: 9 December 2002
Accepted: 13 December 2002
Published online: 25 February 2003
This article deals with the cold plasma treatment of atactic polystyrene (aPS) and isotactic polystyrene (iPS) thin films with oxygen, oxygen-nitrogen mixture or nitrogen. Experimental results showed that the use of a DC pulsed plasma discharge at low pressure can considerably increase surface hydrophilicity. Variations in macroscopic surface properties were studied by water drop contact angle measurements. It was found that treatment of aPS resulted in a greater change in wettability than that for iPS. This initial observation of the effect of tacticity, and thus polymer microstructure, on surface properties is discussed with regards to the crystalline and helical nature of iPS.
PACS: 52.75.-d – Plasma devices / 81.65.-b – Surface treatments / 81.05.-t – Specific materials: fabrication, treatment, testing and analysis
© EDP Sciences, 2003
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