Eur. Phys. J. AP
Volume 17, Number 1, January 2002
|Page(s)||3 - 9|
|Section||Organic Materials and Devices|
|Published online||15 January 2002|
Dynamic properties of a system of cobalt nanoparticles
Department of Electronic & Electrical Engineering, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland
2 Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw, Poland
3 Department of Chemistry, University College of North Wales, Bangor LL57 2UW, UK
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Revised: 23 April 2001
Accepted: 27 August 2001
Published online: 15 January 2002
Measurements of the complex susceptibility, , as a function of the frequency (100 Hz–18 GHz) and polarizing field (0–90 kA m−1) at room temperature together with static magnetic measurements over the temperature range 4–300 K, are reported for a colloidal suspension of cobalt nanoparticles. The transition of the cobalt particles to the superparamagnetic state are supported by the temperature dependencies of field cooling (FC) and zero field cooling (ZFC) magnetization measurements. From these measurements, which show a typical blocking behaviour of an assembly of superparamagnetic particles with a wide distribution of blocking temperatures, the exponential pre-factor of Brown's equations for Néel relaxation, is found to be equal to 9.2 × 10−10 s. Measurement of the complex susceptibility over this broad frequency range, with an upper frequency value corresponding to three times that previously reported in our measurements on cobalt, has enabled the presence of both resonance and Néel relaxation mechanisms to be identified. From the Néel component, a further value for was evaluated and shown to be in close agreement with that obtained from the ZFC data. Data on the after-effect function, realised by Fourier transformation of the component, is also presented.
PACS: 75.50.Tt – Fine-particle systems; nanocrystalline materials / 75.50.Mm – Magnetic liquids / 76.60.Es – Relaxation effects
© EDP Sciences, 2002
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