Eur. Phys. J. AP
Volume 13, Number 3, March 2001
|Page(s)||225 - 228|
|Section||Instrumentation and Metrology|
|Published online||15 March 2001|
Design and performances of a shielded liquid helium insert with an optically heated variable temperature stage for the study of low frequency magnetic noise in HTc superconductors*
Groupe de Recherches en Informatique, Image et Instrumentation de Caen, ISMRA, 6 boulevard Maréchal Juin, 14050 Caen Cedex, France
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Revised: 19 January 2001
Accepted: 19 January 2001
Published online: 15 March 2001
We have designed and built a liquid helium immersion insert which is magnetically shielded from the ambient magnetic field fluctuations by the use of a superconducting lead can. The insert has a variable temperature stage made of sapphire which is optically heated by the light guided from an external lamp via a glass rod. The temperature regulation is achieved by the use of a commercial PID controller: the temperature of the sapphire ranges from 50 K to 100 K with peak to peak fluctuations less than 20 mK over a 3 minutes observation period. The magnetic noise inside the insert has been measured with a low Tc dc-SQUID and the white noise level above 200 Hz is less than 4 fT/. Furthermore, the magnetic attenuation factor due to the superconducting lead can is greater than 26 500 for frequencies above 15 Hz. This cryogenic insert is used for studying low frequency vortex noise in high Tc superconducting thin films at different temperatures and the field penetration in the films as a function of the applied magnetic field during its transition state.
PACS: 41.20.Gz – Magnetostatics; magnetic shielding, magnetic induction, boundary-value problems / 85.25.Am – Superconducting device characterization, design, and modeling / 07.20.Mc – Cryogenics; refrigerators, low-temperature equipment
© EDP Sciences, 2001
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