Eur. Phys. J. AP
Volume 11, Number 1, July 2000
|Page(s)||15 - 20|
|Published online||15 July 2000|
Nonlinear characterization of resonant piezocomposites 1-3 for NDT ultrasonic transducers*
Dept. Física Aplicada Univ. Politécnica Catalunya, Ed. B4, Campus Nord, c/ Jordi Girona 1-3, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
2 Inst. Acústica, CSIC, c/ Serrano 144, 28006 Madrid, Spain
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Revised: 19 April 2000
Accepted: 21 April 2000
Published online: 15 July 2000
A comparative nonlinear characterization is carried out between the nonlinear behavior of a composite and the piezoceramic used to obtain it. This study is necessary for using the composite in power transducer applications, as in the Non Destructive Testing (NDT) by ultrasonic waves at high frequencies (300 kHz−800 kHz). Measurements of the losses and the resonator stiffness variations have also been done. Both these effects, as well as the possibility of the frequency hysteresis, show different behavior in the composites, since the increases in the ceramics are different from those in the composites. In this study two measure methods are used; principally the motional impedance increase with the motional current measurements. The results obtained are normalized in order to make them independent of the resonator size, and thus make the comparison between the composite and the ceramic easier. The figure of the mechanical loss tangent tg versus the mean strain shows that the losses can be greater in the ceramic than in the composite for soft ceramics. The dependence behavior of the losses versus the mean strain shows that hard composite transducers have lower losses and higher strains than the soft ones. However, these losses in hard composites are higher than those in the bulk ceramic transducers.
PACS: 43.35.+d – Ultrasonics, quantum acoustics, and physical effects of sound / 77.84.Lf – Composite materials
© EDP Sciences, 2000
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