Eur. Phys. J. AP
Volume 6, Number 3, June 1999
|Page(s)||267 - 271|
|Published online||15 June 1999|
Plastic densification in silica aerogels
Laboratoire des Verres (UMR 5587), Université Montpellier II, place Eugène
Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cedex, France
2 Groupe de Dynamique des Phases Condensées, Université Montpellier II, place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cedex, France
3 Laboratoire Ondes acoustiques (URA 1503), ESPCI, Université Paris 7, 10 rue Vauquelin, 75005 Paris, France
Revised: 18 February 1999
Accepted: 23 February 1999
Published online: 15 June 1999
Under isostatic pressure aerogels display an irreversible shrinkage caused by plastic deformation. As a consequence of this plastic shrinkage it is possible to densify, and thus to modify the elastic properties of aerogels. We show that the elasticity of the material is strongly influenced by structural transformation, and we observe a weakening of the network during the first stage of densification. The structural evolution, followed by Small Angle X-ray Scattering, shows that the densification mechanism is different from the one obtained by a sintering at high temperature. The densification mechanism induces a textural change at the periphery of the constitutive clusters but not inside, in contrast to viscous sintering.
PACS: 81.20.Fw – Sol-gel processing, precipitation / 81.40.-z – Treatment of materials and its effects on microstructure and properties / 61.10.Eq – X-ray scattering (including small-angle scattering)
© EDP Sciences, 1999
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