Institut d'Électronique Fondamentale (CNRS URA22), Université Paris Sud, Bâtiment 220, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
Max-Planck Institut für Mikrostrukturphysik, Weinberg 2, 06120 Halle, Germany
We report a study of the gate-induced spin precession in an In0.53Ga0.47As two dimensional electron gas, using a Monte-Carlo transport model. The precession vector originates from the spin-orbit coupling existing at a III-V hetero-interface, usually denoted as Rashba interaction. Contrary to the case of a one dimensional electron gas, the precession vector is randomized by the scattering events, which leads to a non negligible loss of spin coherence for an initially spin-polarized electron population moving along a conduction channel. However, we show that by operating at the liquid nitrogen temperature, or by reducing the channel width to a value close to 0.1 µm, the gate-controlled spin-polarization remains high enough to enable the investigation of the physics of spin-related phenomena in a ferromagnet/semiconductor structure.
(Received May 29 1998)
(Accepted August 24 1998)
(Online publication October 15 1998)