FB C Physik, Bergische Universität Wuppertal, 42119 Wuppertal, Germany
GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt, Germany
PINSTECH, Islamabad, Pakistan
Regular patch arrays of random gold nanostructures were fabricated by electrochemical deposition of nanowires in ion track-etched templates. During ion irradiation with GeV ions of fluence 106, 107, or 108 cm−2, a shadow mask was used resulting in templates structured with square arrays of 50 μm holes and 100 or 150 μm pitch. The Au nanowires grown in the track-etched pores had a length of 7–28 μm and a diameter of ~300 nm, and were either solitary or clustered after template dissolution. The structured wire ensembles were systematically investigated with scanning electron and field emission scanning microscopy. Field emission with about 90% efficiency was achieved for wide-spaced patch arrays with medium and high number of Au nanowires at 1500 V for 20 μm anode distance. The current carrying capability of the patches strongly varied between 40 nA and 90 μA. The corresponding processing effects are correlated to adsorbates and nanostructural changes of the wires which give suitable hints for the optimization of structured Au nanowire cathodes.
(Received April 27 2009)
(Revised July 31 2009)
(Accepted August 27 2009)
(Online publication October 30 2009)